NZD outperforms as NZGB spreads help fuel demand
Tuesday 1 November, 2022
Daily Currency UpdateThe New Zealand dollar outperformed through trade on Monday despite a broadly stronger US dollar as month end rebalancing and elevated demand for NZ government bonds helped fuel demand ahead of a slew of headline risk events. Having tested a break below US$0.58 the NZD staved off any meaningful and consolidated downturn amid an uptick in demand for domestic bonds. The sustained hawkish undertone adopted by the RBNZ has helped support the NZD through October, maintaining wider rate spreads at a time when other major central banks are beginning to taper hawkish expectations. With the currency showing signs of decoupling from the Chinese yuan as a proxy among the majors the overnight correction in the CNY had little impact on NZD value. China’s PMI data was weaker than anticipated as the pursuit of Covid-zero continues to cramp economic momentum.
Our attentions turn now to the RBA policy update ahead of this weeks all important Federal Reserve and FOMC policy meeting. Having enjoyed sustained support through the last two weeks amid rising expectations of a Fed pivot there is scope for a USD rebound. Sustained strength across the US labour market and persistent inflation should embolden policy makers to maintain the current pace of rate adjustment. The Fed’s forward guidance will be critical in determining direction, any push back on the promise of a tapering in the tightening schedule will force the NZD back toward $US0.56 and $US0.55 cents.
Key MoversThe US dollar outperformed most major counterparts through trade on Monday amid month-end rebalancing ahead of key headline risk events. Treasury yields pushed higher on the day, driving the USD upward against both the GBP and euro while climbing back toward 149 against the Yen. Despite ramping up its FX intervention through October the Japanese Ministry of Finance has failed to make a significant and meaningful dent in quelling JPY weakness. Our attentions turn now to this week’s all-important FOMC and Bank of England monetary policy updates. Rumours of a pivot in the Fed’s tightening cycle have weighed on the USD through the last two weeks and there is now scope for a broader USD rebound in the wake of Thursday’s policy announcement. We anticipate the FOMC will issue another 75-point rate hike, thus our attentions are firmly affixed to the accompanying rate statement and forward guidance on expectations for December and 2023. Sustained strength across the labour market and persistent inflation will allow policy makers to maintain an aggressive policy stance into the end of the year. Push back against the recent shift in market narrative will likely fuel a USD upturn as investors re-adjust expectations into years end.
- NZD/USD: 0.5720 - 0.5880 ▲
- NZD/EUR: 0.5780 - 0.5920 ▲
- GBP/NZD: 1.9580 - 2.0050 ▼
- NZD/AUD: 0.8980 - 0.9150 ▲
- NZD/CAD: 0.7820 - 0.8020 ▲