NZD tracks sideways as markets eye all important US inflation update
Thursday 12 January, 2023
Daily Currency UpdateThe New Zealand dollar maintained a narrow range, albeit with a slightly negative bias, through trade on Wednesday as markets look to square positions ahead of tonight’s all-important US CPI inflation update. With little headline newsflow on hand the NZD tracked between US$0.6360 and US$0.6390 through the domestic session before an upswing in US bonds and rates helped lift the USD overnight. Having touched intraday lows at US$0.6335 the NZD has consolidated and opens this morning buying US$0.6365. Tonight’s US inflation print remains the premier item on the day’s macroeconomic docket and we anticipate the NZD will maintain a narrow range through the lead in. With most analyst anticipating a fall in inflation pressures a read near consensus will likely increase expectations for a slowdown in the pace of Fed rate hikes and could help propel the NZD back through US$0.64.
Key MoversWith little news flow on hand to drive direction through trade on Wednesday price action across major currencies offered little to excite investors. The AUD stood out as the day’s top performer while the Swiss Franc faltered giving up near 1% and was the days leading underperformer. With the Euro and GBP largely flat market attentions are clearly affixed to tonight’s US inflation print. As we near the peak in the expected Fed funds rate the pace of ongoing rate hikes depends heavily on the persistence of inflation pressures. Having seemingly peaked through Q4 last year policy makers have suggested a penchant for slowing the pace of monetary policy adjustment affording more time to assess and digest the impact of rising interest rates. Fears of a mid-year recession remain real and a slower pace of rate hikes at the very least may help the Fed cushion the fall. We expect headline inflation will move back below 7% printing 6.5%, while core inflation should move nearer 5.7% year on year. An outcome in line with consensus expectations will likely elevate calls for a 25-basis point rate hike in February followed by a 2nd quarter point hike in March and a 3rd in May with rates then holding into the end of the year. A slow down in the pace of hikes and a clear path to a peak Fed Funds rate could weigh on the USD and prompt a break below key technical support lines. That said a surprise uptick in price pressures will push the Fed to keep the foot down and continuing raising rates in half point increments, likely lifting expectations for the peak rate and drive a near term USD rebound.
- NZD/USD: 0.6280 - 0.6430 ▼
- NZD/EUR: 0.5850 - 0.5980 ▼
- GBP/NZD: 1.8920 - 1.9280 ▼
- NZD/AUD: 0.9150 - 0.9250 ▼
- NZD/CAD: 0.8480 - 0.8620 ▼